How To Know If You Have Bipolar Depression – Bipolar disorder is a mood disorder in which extreme changes in a person’s mood, thoughts, and energy last for days, weeks, or months.
In Ireland, one in 50 adults suffer from bipolar disorder. Although it can occur at any age, symptoms often begin when a person is in their teens or young adulthood.
How To Know If You Have Bipolar Depression
The exact cause of bipolar disorder is unknown, but research suggests that our genetics, biology, and environment may play a role.
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Learn more about bipolar disorder With the right treatment, people with bipolar disorder can enjoy good health and live well.
Bipolar disorder is characterized by extreme mood swings that are often out of the person’s control. They can affect a person’s daily life, making it difficult to carry out normal activities.
Symptoms of bipolar disorder can be part of episodes of highs and lows called euphoria and depression. While these episodes last for some time, they are not constant: they may come and go, and a person may be asymptomatic between episodes.
People may also experience a hypomanic episode: this is similar to an episode of ecstasy, but usually lasts a few days. Generally, these episodes are milder than episodes of euphoria, and people are often able to go about their daily lives during this time.
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If you are concerned that you have symptoms of bipolar disorder, reach out to someone you trust and talk to your doctor, who can refer you for evaluation and treatment if you need it.
If you have thoughts of harming or killing yourself and are in immediate danger, call the emergency services by dialing 999 in Ireland or 112 from anywhere in Europe.
Getting over your current excitement or depression is usually the first step. This often means taking medication to reduce symptoms and get relief.
The next step is usually psychotherapy to help delay future episodes, ease symptoms when they occur, and manage the day-to-day illness. This includes individual and group therapy, as well as mental health education, such as learning more about bipolar disorder, its signs and symptoms, and what to do to stay healthy. This type of therapy and education often goes hand in hand with medication.
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There are other things people often do in addition to dealing with bipolar disorder. These include managing triggers, responding to symptoms and early warning signs, making lifestyle changes and accepting support from family, carers and care teams.
If you need more information or support options regarding bipolar disorder, you can speak to a specialist mental health nurse by calling St Patrick’s Mental Health Information and Support Line on 01 249 3333, Monday to Friday 9am to 5pm. facilities outside these hours).
Living with Bipolar Disorder Charlotte shares her mental health journey living with Bipolar Disorder. Read about Charlotte’s experience Bipolar disorder (formerly called manic-depressive disorder or depression) is a mental illness that causes abnormal changes in mood, energy, activity level, and concentration. These changes can make it difficult to perform daily tasks.
There are three types of bipolar disorder. All three types involve significant changes in mood, energy, and activity levels. These mood states range from periods of extreme “elevation”, excitement, irritability or agitation (known as manic episodes) to periods of “depression”, sadness, apathy or hopelessness (known as depressive episodes). Less severe periods of mania are called hypomanic episodes.
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Occasionally, a person may experience symptoms of bipolar disorder that do not fit into the three categories listed above, and this is called “other specified and unspecified bipolar and related disorders.”
Bipolar disorder is often diagnosed in late adolescence (adolescence) or early adulthood. Occasionally, children develop bipolar symptoms. Although symptoms may change over time, bipolar disorder usually requires lifelong treatment. Following a prescribed treatment plan can help people manage their symptoms and improve their quality of life.
People with bipolar disorder experience very intense emotions and changes in sleep patterns and activity levels, and engage in behaviors that are unusual for them—often without recognizing their harmful or unwanted consequences. These distinct periods are called mood episodes. Mood episodes are very different from a person’s usual moods and behaviors. During an episode, symptoms persist most days every day. Episodes can last for a long time, such as days or weeks.
Sometimes people have both manic and depressive symptoms in the same episode, and this is called a mixed episode. During a mixed episode, people can feel very sad, empty, or hopeless, while also feeling very excited.
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Bipolar disorder can occur even when a person’s symptoms are mild. For example, some people with bipolar II disorder experience hypomania, a less severe form of mania. During a hypomanic episode, a person can feel better, do things, and maintain daily life. The person may not realize that anything is wrong, but family and friends may recognize changes in mood or activity levels as possible symptoms of bipolar disorder. Without adequate treatment, people with hypomania can develop severe mania or depression.
Getting the right diagnosis and treatment can help people with bipolar disorder live healthy and active lives. The first step is to talk to a healthcare professional. A healthcare professional may perform a physical exam and other necessary medical tests to rule out other possible causes. A health care provider may perform a psychiatric evaluation or refer you to a trained mental health professional, such as a psychiatrist, psychologist, or clinical social worker, who is experienced in diagnosing and treating bipolar disorder.
Psychiatrists usually diagnose bipolar disorder based on the person’s symptoms, life history, experiences, and sometimes family history. Accurate diagnosis is critical in adolescents.
Find tips to help you prepare for and get the most out of your doctor’s appointment.
Causes Of Bipolar Disorder: Understanding The Risk Factors
Many people with bipolar disorder also have other mental health disorders or conditions, such as mood disorders or anxiety disorders, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), drug or alcohol abuse, or eating disorders. Sometimes people with severe episodes of mania or depression have symptoms of psychosis, which may include hallucinations or delusions. Psychotic symptoms usually correspond to the person’s extreme mood. For example, someone with psychotic symptoms during a depressive episode may mistakenly believe they are financially ruined, while someone with psychotic symptoms during a manic episode may mistakenly believe they are famous or have special powers.
By looking at a person’s symptoms during their illness and examining their family history, a healthcare professional can help determine whether the person has bipolar disorder with another disorder.
Scientists have studied possible causes of bipolar disorder. Most agree that there are many factors that contribute to the likelihood of developing this disorder.
Brain structure and function: Some studies show that the brains of people with bipolar disorder are different in some ways from the brains of people without bipolar disorder or any other mental disorder. Learning more about these differences in the brain will help scientists understand bipolar disorder and determine which treatments work best. Now, healthcare professionals base their diagnosis and treatment plan on a person’s symptoms and history rather than brain imaging or other diagnostic tests.
Bipolar Disorder: Symptoms, Diagnosis, Causes, Treatment
Genetics: Some studies suggest that people with certain genes are more likely to develop bipolar disorder. Research shows that having a parent or sibling with bipolar disorder increases the risk of developing bipolar disorder. Many genes are involved, and no single gene is known to cause the disorder. Learning more about the role of genes in bipolar disorder can help scientists develop new treatments.
Treatment can help many people, including people with severe forms of bipolar disorder. An effective treatment plan usually involves a combination of medication and psychotherapy, also known as talk therapy.
Bipolar disorder is a lifelong illness. Manic and depressive episodes usually return over time. Between episodes, many people with bipolar disorder do not experience mood swings, but some may have persistent symptoms. Long-term and continuous treatment can help people manage these symptoms.
Some medications can help manage the symptoms of bipolar disorder. Some people may need to try different medications and work with their doctor to find the best one.
Bipolar Affective Disorder
The most common types of medications prescribed by healthcare professionals include mood stabilizers and atypical antipsychotics. Mood stabilizers, such as lithium or valproate, can prevent or reduce mood episodes. Lithium may also reduce the risk of suicide. Health care providers may include medications that target sleep or anxiety as part of your treatment plan.
Although bipolar depression is often treated with antidepressants, you should also take mood stabilizers—taking an antidepressant without a mood stabilizer can trigger a manic episode or violent mood swings.
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