How To Get Rid Of Mole Rats In Your Yard – You have to talk about rats, but their bodies have a trick to help them survive when they are deprived of oxygen.
But leave it to the African mouse to deal with that. Mice are different in every way. They are hairless, terrestrial, and cold-blooded even though they are mammals. Meanwhile, scientists have shown in the journal Science that animals can live without oxygen.
How To Get Rid Of Mole Rats In Your Yard
“They grew up under a different environment like studying an animal from another planet,” said Thomas Park, a psychologist at the University of Illinois at Chicago.
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For example, instead of generating their own heat, they regulate their body temperature by moving to warmer or cooler areas, thereby reducing the energy they need to survive. They are known to have what Park calls “sticky hemoglobin,” which allows them to get oxygen in thin air. And because they live underground in large social groups, they are used to breathing air that is low in oxygen and high in carbon dioxide.
Park and his colleagues wondered if their animals had a trick (they didn’t) face the worst.
“We thought, ‘Well, if you put all this on the line to survive on less oxygen, how far can you go?’ Park said. “And the rats that came will surprise everyone, I think.”
First, he and his colleagues tested how mice would survive in a room with 5 percent oxygen, which is about a quarter of the oxygen in the air we breathe. can kill a mouse in less than 15 minutes.
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“We put it in the room, after five minutes, there was no problem,” said Park. After an hour, no problem.
Five hours later, the researchers were tired and hungry and ready to go home, but the rats managed to keep going.
Four rats that participated in this leg of the study died after 30 seconds, but their hearts stopped beating, and – after 18 minutes – the rats woke up and revived. (All three mice were exposed for 30 minutes, however, and died.)
Most mammals, including humans, use sugar, sugar that our digestive system takes from our food and turns into energy to keep our bodies and minds warm. But the process of taking that sugar and turning it into energy and oxygen. Without oxygen, the body cannot produce energy, and without energy, cells die.
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When researchers looked at tissue samples taken from rats that had been repeatedly deprived of oxygen, they saw an increase in the levels of one sugar, fructose, in about 10 minutes.
“We don’t monitor it, but when fructose increases in the blood, it increases in the organs where it is used by the heart and brain,” said Park.
Naked mice seem to be able to convert energy from glucose, which requires oxygen to make energy, to fructose, which does not.
(“Fructose” is the same as that in “high-sugar corn syrup,” which has been implicated in many human health problems.
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Humans can store and use fructose in the liver and kidneys, but Park says they don’t have the right enzyme to make energy from fructose. There are also enough proteins to transport fructose molecules to the cells of vital organs. Our cells must convert glucose to use it.
The cells of the brain, heart, liver and lungs of naked mice all contain proteins that transport fructose into the cell, as well as the appropriate enzyme to make energy from it.
“They are social like insects, they are cold-blooded like insects, now we see the egg as a plant,” said Park.
Some fish and shellfish can live without oxygen for months, confined to lakes and ponds.
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But Jay Storz, a biologist at the University of Nebraska who studies how animals cope with extreme conditions, says animals use sugar to fuel themselves. Their energy needs are greatly reduced.
The ability of wild mice to switch pathways to different pathways of fat metabolism is remarkable. “They’re doing something unheard of in the next generation of animals,” Storz said. “They use different oils.”
Another question for future research, he says, is how animals can remove lactate, a molecule that builds up during anaerobic digestion and can change blood chemistry.
Park and Storz hope that the mice’s discovery could one day help patients suffering from a lack of oxygen in something like heart disease or stroke.
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“It would be great if we could improve the fructose system of those patients and delay the time it takes to go to the health center,” Park said.
“There are probably a lot of animals out there doing different things,” Storz said. “Evolution has done a lot of research and development, and we have to find ways to use that.”
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GBH News brings you the news, insider voices and great ideas that shape our world. Follow along so you don’t miss a thing! The mice became resistant to aging and appeared to be cancer-free. Scientists are studying these amazing creatures to find out how they can make people live longer and live longer.
How To Get Rid Of Moles In Your Yard And Garden With Natural Methods
It’s no secret that empty, curled-up mice with fur and long teeth sticking out of their mouths are not the cutest animals in the world. But these creatures are not only beautiful, they have many interesting features that are of interest to zoologists and medical researchers around the world.
Although its size is small – between three and 13 inches (7.6 and 33cm) – the mouse can live up to 30 years, it is able to resist chronic diseases, including diabetes, and it stimulates the family system. Animals also help nature by acting as “ecosystem consumers” and improving soil biodiversity while digging to build nests.
This article is part of the Future’s Unloved World series, which explores the incredible contribution some important, but underappreciated animals make to ecosystems, biodiversity and our human existence. From starfish, to ants, insects and fungi, these are the creatures that run the world and deserve our attention.
Being vulnerable to aging and pain, these mysterious creatures have long been of interest to scientists. Now research shows they may hold the key to understanding human conditions, such as cancer and aging.
Naked Mole Rat
Although we have studied mice and rats to understand the mysteries of human biology, scientists believe that mice have special advantages in medical research.
, the scientific name of the species, which means “strange thing”, is native to the tropical regions of northeastern Africa. In the wild, they live in huge underground colonies up to 300 meters in size, with many holes and chambers the length of football fields.
The low oxygen conditions in which rats live show some of the unique characteristics of the species. Most air-living organisms struggle to survive in low-oxygen environments, but the mole rat is the longest-lived. A mouse of the same size can live for two years, or a mouse for 30 years or more – if you put that relationship to our size, it’s like a human relative to a turkey. can live up to 450 years.
Found in the wild in Kenya, Ethiopia and Somalia, rats live in groups of 70-80 individuals, with some houses containing up to 300 animals. High welfare, these colonies are ruled by a single queen and are under strict control. Organisms do a variety of things, such as restoring underground parts, such as bulbs, roots and tubers, that feed on the surface.
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The biology of this species is very different. Rats that have been called “extremophiles” can grow in a very dangerous underground environment, according to Ewan St John Smith, a researcher who studies the nervous system, at the University of Cambridge in England.
One of the special features is that it is difficult to know the age of a naked mouse, because there are few signs of deterioration. While humans can become wrinkled, gray or suffer from chronic diseases, “the normal signs of aging that you see in most mammals don’t happen,” he said. and Smith. There were no significant changes in cardiac function, body composition, bone quality, or metabolism.
At the University of Cambridge, Smith’s team housed five colonies of 160 mice in a room heated to 30C (90F) at 60% humidity.
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